The 10 and a Half Months That Shook Fox News

The death of Roger E. Ailes, who helped build Fox News into a cultural and political force, capped what has been an extraordinary period of upheaval at the network.

Since Mr. Ailes’s downfall in July after a series of sexual harassment allegations, Fox News has grappled with near-constant turmoil, including the ouster of Bill O’Reilly, the top-rated cable news host, and a damaging exodus of advertisers.

This is what life has been like for the network in the last 10 and a half months.

Gretchen Carlson, a former Fox News anchor.

July 6, 2016

Gretchen Carlson files a harassment suit against Ailes

Ms. Carlson, a prominent Fox anchor, sends shock waves through the media world when she files a lawsuit against Mr. Ailes, accusing him of forcing her out after she refused his sexual advances and complained to him about persistent harassment in the newsroom.

Ms. Carlson’s charges included an allegation that Mr. Ailes, during a meeting in his office, explicitly asked her for a sexual relationship. It was a public attack on a towering figure in broadcast journalism and Republican politics who had typically enjoyed absolute loyalty from his employees.

Roger Ailes, who was ousted from Fox News in July after multiple women accused him of sexual harassment, will be the subject of a new mini-series.

July 20, 2016

More harassment claims are levied against Ailes

The accusations do not stop with Ms. Carlson. The law firm Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, hired by 21st Century Fox, the network’s owner, to investigate Ms. Carlson’s allegations, takes statements from at least six women who describe inappropriate behavior by Mr. Ailes, according to people briefed on the inquiry.

The details of the allegations are reportedly deemed troubling enough that they lead 21st Century Fox to begin planning the end of Mr. Ailes’s reign at Fox News.

Rupert Murdoch, left, and Mr. Ailes in 2007. They shared the belief that existing news organizations were far too liberal, and started Fox News after Mr. Ailes had a falling out with NBC.

July 21, 2016

Ailes is forced out

Rupert Murdoch, the media mogul who started Fox News with Mr. Ailes, tells stunned employees in Fox’s Midtown Manhattan headquarters that Mr. Ailes is out as chairman and chief executive and that Mr. Murdoch himself will take over Fox News in the interim.

Mr. Ailes walks away with about $40 million as part of a settlement agreement, which essentially amounts to the remainder of his contract through 2018.

Bill Shine, an Ailes loyalist, was named co-president of Fox News after Mr. Ailes was forced out.

AUG. 12, 2016

Two Ailes deputies are promoted

Despite Mr. Murdoch’s pledges of a fresh start at the network, two veteran executives with strong ties to Mr. Ailes are named co-presidents of Fox News.

Bill Shine, an affable Ailes loyalist who is well liked by some of the network’s longest-serving anchors, is selected to oversee programming at Fox News and Fox Business Network. Jack Abernethy, a trusted Murdoch hand, is placed in charge of business operations, including finance and advertising sales.

Ms. Carlson at a conference in New York in April.

Sept. 6, 2016

21st Century Fox spends millions to settle Ms. Carlson’s claims

The network’s parent company spends $20 million to settle the former anchor’s lawsuit. Specialists in employment law describe the payout as among the largest known settlements for a single-plaintiff sexual harassment suit.

Makeup artists with Chris Wallace, Megyn Kelly and Bret Baier before the start of the Republican presidential debate hosted by Fox News in Detroit in March 2016.

Jan. 3, 2017

Megyn Kelly leaves Fox News for NBC

Ms. Kelly, a bona fide Fox star who played a breakout role in the presidential campaign when she clashed with Donald J. Trump, leaves Fox months after releasing a book in which she described being sexually harassed by Mr. Ailes.

Ms. Kelly’s exit is so abrupt that it is announced on the day the network runs a full-page ad in The Wall Street Journal trumpeting the ratings of its prime-time lineup, with Ms. Kelly prominently pictured.

It is later revealed that comments by Mr. O’Reilly about the sexual harassment allegations at the network, along with her deep skepticism about whether the network was truly committed to changing its culture, were factors in Ms. Kelly’s decision to leave Fox News for a new role at NBC News, according to two people familiar with the matter.

Bill O’Reilly said it was “tremendously disheartening” to leave “due to completely unfounded claims.”

April 1, 2017

O’Reilly revelations

An investigation by The New York Times reveals that five women received payouts totaling about $13 million from Mr. O’Reilly or the company in exchange for agreeing not to pursue litigation or speak about their accusations of sexual harassment or other inappropriate behavior against him.

Two settlements had come after Mr. Ailes’s dismissal, when the company had said it would not tolerate behavior that “disrespects women or contributes to an uncomfortable work environment.”

Demonstrators outside Fox News headquarters in Manhattan called for Mr. O’Reilly to be fired.

April 6, 2017

Advertisers flee ‘O’Reilly Factor’

After a groundswell of anger, fueled by social media, over the revelation of the harassment suits against Mr. O’Reilly, more than 50 companies pull their ads from his top-rated program, “The O’Reilly Factor.”

The set of “The O’Reilly Factor.” CreditAndrew Hetherington/Redux Pictures

April 19, 2017

O’Reilly is out

In a one-sentence statement, 21st Century Fox announces that Mr. O’Reilly, who had been away on vacation, will not return to Fox News, bringing an end to his two-decade reign as one of the most influential commentators in television. The move comes amid new allegations against him.

Bill Shine was later removed as co-president in the wake of the scandal.

Roger E. Ailes, the former chairman and chief executive of Fox News, in its New York studios in 2006.

May 18, 2017

Ailes dies

Mr. Ailes’s wife, Elizabeth, announces that he has died.

“I am profoundly sad and heartbroken to report that my husband, Roger Ailes, passed away this morning,” Ms. Ailes wrote in a statement. “Roger was a loving husband to me, to his son Zachary, and a loyal friend to many.”

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